In studying this passage, David was pleading with God to keep him safe from the throng of evildoers. The Hebrew word for throng is rigshâh, which means noisy crowd or a multitude. As David says in the Psalm, the evildoers lay snares in secret. They have persuaded themselves that God does not exists, and cannot see what they do. And so they say “who can see us?” (vs. 5). This is at the bottom of wickedness, persuading oneself that there is either no God, or that God does not see evil. But God does see and David knows this. So he rejoices in the Lord, even when these evildoers wound him. They will be brought to ruin by their own tongues (vs.8). They will be held accountable for their sins against David. And David says “rejoice in the LORD and take refuge in Him!” (v. 10).
It’s no coincidence that this mirrors Jesus’ persecution, death and resurrection. Jesus was slandered, and plotted against by a noisy crowd. He was persecuted and crucified by a people that did not believe Jesus was not the Messiah. Just as snares were planned for David in secret, Jesus had them too. Even within His community, snares were laid in secret when Jesus is betrayed by Judas. And Jesus cries out many times to God to deliver him (Heb. 5:7) as David does. Jesus’ enemies are ultimately brought to ruin by their own words (that he was not the Messiah) at the Resurrection. When Jesus emerges from the tomb, mankind fears (vs. 9) and they tell what God has done.