Why did Luke write Acts?
Acts, therefore, like many another work, was probably written with multiple purposes in view. Primary among the reasons for its composition was undoubtedly a evangelistic purpose. Defining the gospel.
The name of the book of acts (of the Apostles) ancient but not original name.
Acts 1:1 (ESV) — 1 In the first book, O Theophilus, I have dealt with all that Jesus began to do and teach,
1st volume (LUKE): Dealt with ALL that Jesus BEGAN to do and teach.
2nd Volume (ACTS): Dealt with the CONTINUED work of what Jesus did and taught through the Church.
Example: Significance of Acts 1:8
We need to read Acts with this Christological focus in mind. Otherwise it quickly becomes all about us. Acts 1:8 for example becomes centered on the “power” not on the “making us witnesses”
Author of Acts:
Luke- Paul’s co-worker:
Col 4:14, Philemon 24
Luke 1:1–4 ESV
Inasmuch as many have undertaken to compile a narrative of the things that have been accomplished among us, just as those who from the beginning were eyewitnesses and ministers of the word have delivered them to us, it seemed good to me also, having followed all things closely for some time past, to write an orderly account for you, most excellent Theophilus, that you may have certainty concerning the things you have been taught.
Purpose of Luke: TO know for certain what you have been taught. It was an apologetic.
Luke is a phenomenal apologist.
When I say that, I don’t mean Luke is good at saying sorry. What I mean is Luke was one of Paul’s missionary companions. Luke knew Jesus and could defend the historical accuracy of Jesus and Christianity with amazing potency.
An apology is a defense. An apologetic is a reasoned defense of a belief, philosophy or worldview. Apologetics in Christian usage is the study of evidences for the veracity of the Bible and the truthfulness of the Christian worldview. Christian Apologetics studies evidences as diverse as manuscript evidence, geological phenomena, archaeological and historical support, and philosophical presuppositions.
Who was Luke “apologizing” to?
Who is theophilus and why did he put forth so much effort to provide him with this extensive 2 volume apology?
Who is Theophilus?
Since it seems clear that Theophilus was an actual person, we will look at what we do know about him from the Bible and then discuss a few of the many theories as to who he might have been. First, it is important to note that Luke addresses him as “most excellent,” a title often used when referring to someone of honor or rank, such as a Roman official. Paul used the same term when addressing Felix (Acts 23:26; Acts 24:2) and Festus (Acts 26:25). Therefore, one of the most common theories is that Theophilus was possibly a Roman officer or high-ranking official in the Roman government.
Yet another theory about the identity of Theophilus is that he was the Roman lawyer who defended Paul during his trial in Rome. Those who hold this theory believe that Luke’s purpose in writing Luke and Acts was to write a defense of Christianity, somewhat akin to a legal brief. If this theory is correct, Luke’s writings were designed to defend Paul in court against charges of insurrection and, at the same time, to defend Christianity against the charge that it was an illegal, anti-Roman religion.